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Psychology Past paper MCQS
Psychology Past paper MCQS

Psychology Past paper MCQS

Psychology Past paper MCQS

1) The social distance scale is mainly a measure of:

a) Ethnic attitude

b) Cohesiveness of a group

c) Upward social mobility

d) Social class differences

e) None of these

2) A person has attitudes towards:

a) All possible objects

b) All objects which are perceived by him

c) All objects which exist in his own life-space

d) None of these

3) So-called “functional” and “organic” psychoses are:

a) Really both functional in origin

b) Really both organic in origin

c) Clearly differentiated as to origin

d) Not clearly distinguishable

4) Which one of the following is not listed as a classification of psychoneurosis?

a) Phobic reactions

b) Conversion reactions

c) Neurasthenic reactions

d) Delusional reactions

e) None of these

5) Psychoneurosis tends to be:

a) Severe than the psychoses

b) Milder than neuroses

c) Milder than psychoses

d) About the same severity as the psychoses

e) None of these

6) In essence the defense mechanisms are:

a) Defense against anxiety

b) Ways of convincing others of one’s rightness

c) Escape reactions

d) Conscious self-deception

e) None of these

7) The Thematic Apperception Test is a:

a) Situational test

b) Performance test

c) Projective test

d) Personality inventory

e) None of these

8) Psychosomatic disorders are best illustrated by:

a) Asthma caused by anxiety

b) Neurotic anxiety

c) Insomnia

d) Over-eating

e) None of these

9) Dependence, passivity and greediness are regarded as traits found in the so-called:

a) Anal character

b) Phallic stage

c) Genital stage

d) Oral character

e) None of these

10) Probably the most insidious form of defense mechanism is:

a) Reaction formation

b) Defensive identification

c) Projection

d) Withdrawal

e) None of these

11) Endomorphy is to eetomorphy as:

a) Love of comfort is to social inhabitation

b) Social inhabitation is to love of comfort

c) Love of comfort is to need for action

d) Need for action is to social inhabitation

e) None of these

12) Personality inventories are:

a) Subjectively scored

b) Objectively scored

c) Always scored on a priori basis

d) Always scored on an empirical basis

e) None of these

13) The difficulty with type theories of personality is that they are:

a) Too simple

b) Too contradictory

c) Too arbitrary

d) All of these

e) None of these

14) The concept of introversion and extroversion was advanced by:

a) Spranger

b) Kretshmer

c) Jaensch

d) Jung

e) None of these

15) The term “germ cell” when used in genetics refers to:

a) Somatic cells

b) Body cells

c) Ova and sperm cells

d) Both (a) and (b)

e) None of these

16) The overall bodily and mental growth curves for man:

a) Diverge at puberty age

b) Run parallel course

c) Show drop at puberty age

d) Both (a) and (b)

e) None of these

17) As the individual continues his growth after birth, the neural cell in his brain:

a) Change their chemical composition

b) Increase in number

c) Both (a) and (b)

d) None of these

18) With the onset of puberty, the rate of growth of:

a) All bodily organs slow down

b) Intellectual development slows down

c) Both (a) and (b)

d) Neither (a) and (b)

19) To mark the onset and termination of adolescence:

a) Physiological measures are usually used for both boys and girls

b) Physiological measures are usually used for girls but not for boys

c) Physiological measures are usually used for the onset but not for the end

d) Physiological measurements are usually used for both boys and girls

20) The prototype of the modern intelligence test for children was first developed by:

a) Stanford

b) Terman

c) Binet

d) Wechsler

e) None of these

2) 1) The peripheral nervous system is made up of:

a) Axons and dendrites

b) The brain and the spinal cord

c) The autonomic and somatic nervous systems

d) The sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems

e) None of these

2) The adrenal hormones which also appear to function as neurotransmitters in the brain are:

a) Dopamine and serotonin

b) Progesterone and testosterone

c) Epinephrine and nor epinephrine

d) Insulin and toblerone

e) None of these

3) The detection of physical energy emitted or reflected by physical objects: it occurs when energy in the external environment or the body stimulates receptors in the sense organs:

a) Cognition

b) Sensation

c) Perception

d) Adaptation

e) None of these

4) Which of the following is a dimension of visual experience?

a) Loudness

b) Pitch

c) Timbre

d) Brightness

e) None of these

5) All human senses evolved for the same purpose to:

a) Increase our ability to enjoy the environment

b) Make up more aware our feelings and internal state

c) Provide information that could improve our ability to communicate

d) Help us survive

e) None of these

6) The fovea and blind spot are both features of the:

a) Cornea

b) Lens

c) Retina

d) Pupil

e) None of these

7) Which of the following is the best example of a primary reinforcing?

a) Food

b) Money

c) Pay check

d) New clothes

e) None of these

8) Which of the following could be attributed to Tolman’s research?

a) Discovery of the law of effect

b) The concept of cognitive map

c) The negative effect of punishment

d) The role of classical conditioning in the formation of phobic disorders

e) None of these

9) Which of the following factors influence the impact of interference on learning?

a) The nature of the material being learned

b) The organization and meaningfulness of the information learned

c) The type of activity that flows studying

d) All of the above

e) None of these

10) Which of the following psychologists developed the need/drive theory of emotion?

a) Clark Hull

b) Abraham Maslow

c) Robert Plutchik

d) Water Cannon

e) None of these

11) Which of the following orders of Maslow’s hierarchy of need is correct?

a) Safety, physiological, belongingness, self-actualization, esteem

b) Belongingness, esteem, safety, physiological, self-actualization

c) Physiological, belongingness, safety, esteem, self-actualization

d) Physiological, safety, belongingness, esteem, self-actualization

e) None of these

12) Central traits:

a) Were suggested by a behaviorist to explain behavior

b) Organize and control behavior across many situations

c) Are more situations specific than they are secondary traits

d) Are seen in growth-oriented individuals

e) None of these

13) Norms are influenced by:

a) The surrounding culture

b) The surrounding sub-culture

c) The context of the situation

d) All of the above

e) None of these

14) Discrepancies between attitudes lead to:

a) Prejudice

b) Cognitive dissonance

c) The fundamental attribution error

d) Relative deprivation

e) None of these

15) Many of the neo Freudians have modified Freud’s original theory of personality to give more emphasis to:

a) Childhood sexuality

b) Social and cultural factors

c) Differences between the sexes

d) Unconscious forces

e) None of these

16) Motivation is defined as inferred process within a person that causes organism to move toward:

a) A goal

b) All other organisms

c) A homeostatic state

d) Higher kevels in the hierarchy of needs

e) None of these

17) In which motivational conflicts are must chosen by “the lesser of two evils”

a) Approach-Approach

b) Approach-Avoidance

c) Avoidance-Avoidance

d) Multiple approach-avoidance

e) None of these

18) Which of the following identified universal symbolic images that appear in myths, art, dreams, and other expressions of the collective unconscious?

a) Freud

b) Adler

c) Jung

d) Horney

e) All of these

19) Raymond B Cattel advanced the study of personality traits by using a statistical method called:

a) Locus of control

b) Identification

c) Factor analysis

d) Phrenology

e) None of these

20) Perfection is a problem that is most associated with the:

a) Id

b) Ego

c) Superego

d) Ego and superego

e) None of these

1) Which of the following represent correct sequence?

a) Zygote, fetus, embryo, neonate, infant

b) Zygote, embryo, neonate, fetus, infant

c) Embryo, zygote, fetus, neonate, infant

d) Zygote, embryo, fetus, neonate, infant

2) Maturation refers to development that occurs as a result of:

a) Genetically determined signals

b) Instinctive process

c) Homeostatic imbalances

d) An interaction between biology and environment

e) None of these

3) Which of the following is not one of the aspects of development studied by psychologists?

a) Universal aspects of development

b) Individual differences in development

c) Cultural differences in development

d) Immutable laws of development

e) None of these

4) Which of the following is most likely to lead to high job satisfaction?

a) Matching personality with occupation

b) Promotion practices based on seniority

c) Having an out going personality

d) Working alone

e) None of these

5) Which of the following improves worker skills and reduces frustration and stress?

a) Job training

b) Job analysis

c) Access to an employee assistance program

d) An organizational culture

e) None of these

6) The assessment tools upon which clinicians depends gather information about their clients belong in which of the following categories.

a) Interviews

b) Tests

c) Observations

d) All of these choices

e) None of these

7) Which of the following tests is likely to have the highest reliability?

a) The TAT

b) The Rorschach

c) The MMPI

d) The Draw-a-Person test

e) None of these

8) Clinicians attempting to systematically assess the abnormal behavior of a client will frequently:

a) Rely primarily on personality tests

b) Employ a battery of tests

c) Rely primarily on projective tests

d) Rely primarily on neuropsychological tests

e) None of these

9) The best definition of psychotherapy includes:

a) A sufferer, a healer and a systematic interaction between the two

b) A healer that uncovers unconscious conflicts and heals the personality

c) The removal of symptoms about which the patient complains

d) The use of talking and drugs about which the patient complains

e) None of these

10) Psycho dynamic therapists believe that maladaptive behavior stems from:

a) Disturbed thought patterns

b) Inappropriate learning patterns

c) A failure to live up one’s full potential

d) Emotional trauma experienced in childhood

e) None of these

11) Which of the following therapists make intensive use of role playing?

a) Client-centered therapists

b) Psychoanalytic therapists

c) Existential therapists

d) Gestalt therapists

e) None of these

12) Client-centered therapy is most consistent with the:

a) Behavioral approach

b) Cognitive approach

c) Psychodynamic approach

d) Humanistic approach

e) None of these

13) Illnesses that seem to result from an interaction of physical and psychological factors are called:

a) Hysterical

b) Psychosomatic

c) Somatic

d) Conversion disorders

e) None of these

14) Chromosomal mapping studies have found that:

a) Schizophrenia does not appear to have genetic components

b) Schizophrenia does appear to have a genetic component

c) Adoption studies do not reveal anything about schizophrenia

d) There is a single cause of schizophrenia

e) None of these

15) The leading cause of mind retardation is believed to be:

a) Fetal alcohol syndrome

b) Organic brain syndrome

c) Environmental factors

d) Inherited traits

e) None of these

16) Therapists who focus on altering faulty thought process are:

a) Cognitive therapists

b) Humanistic therapists

c) Biological therapists

d) Psychodynamic therapists

e) None of these

17) In general children who score well on IQ tests have parents who:

a) Pay for tutors and special schools

b) Have very high IQs

c) Punish them if they fail to do it well

d) Spend time with them and actively encourage their development

e) None of these

18) One hallmark of projective tests is that they:

a) Are multiphase

b) Are criterion referenced

c) Require responses to ambiguous stimuli

d) Measure only one trait

e) None of these

19) When psychological tests are used in personal selection, an important concern regarding the tests is:

a) Cost

b) Ease of administration

c) Validity

d) Objectivity

e) None of these

20) A conversion disorder is characterized by:

a) Functional impairment of a limb or sensory ability with no apparent physical cause

b) A constant fear of becoming seriously ill

c) Frequently vague complaints of physical symptoms

d) None of these

5) 1) By the perceptual organization of stimuli the person’s span of attention is:

a) Increased

b) Decreased

c) Divided

d) Unaffected

e) None of these

2) Figural after-effects pertain to distortion:

a) In memory of figures

b) Caused by ambiguity of figures

c) Caused by prolonged fixation of figures

d) Caused by oscillation of attention

e) None of these

3) One of the following is not a monocular depth cue:

a) Interposition

b) Relative moment

c) Convergence

d) Accommodation

e) None of these

4) The cerebellum and cerebrum are:

a) Functionally independent

b) Bilaterally symmetrical

c) Found in the mid-brain

d) In front of the central fissure

e) None of these

5) Factors predisposing an individual towards feeling of jealousy include:

a) Lack of intensity of feeling of love

b) Insecurity of self-conception

c) Self-hate

d) All of these

e) None of these

6) Copying behavior is:

a) Often unconscious

b) A form of habitual behavior

c) Always goal-directed

d) Usually carried out with minimum attention

e) None of these

7) Self-assertive behavior is an example primarily of:

a) An abundance motive

b) A stimulation motive

c) A survival motive

d) A security motive

e) None of these

8) The concept of homeostasis most closely associated with the name of:

a) Richter

b) Cannon

c) Levin

d) Warden

e) None of these

9) The approach-approach conflict involves:

a) A stable equilibrium

b) An unstable equilibrium

c) An oscillation of (a) and (b)

d) Neither (a) nor (b) (c)

e) None of these

10) The two parts of autonomic nervous system are:

a) Voluntary and involuntary

b) Cerebrospinal and cortical

c) Thalamus and hypothalamus

d) Sympathetic and parasympathetic

e) None of these

11) Which one of the following is not the law of perceptual grouping?

a) Proximity

b) Similarity constancy

c) Constancy

d) Continuation

e) None of these

12) In Pavlovian conditioning the learned response is:

a) CS

b) CR

c) UCS

d) UCR

e) None of these

13) Thorndike’s “Law of Effect” was an early form of the present day principle of:

a) Extinction

b) Contiguity

c) Reinforcement

d) Trial and error

e) None of these

Psychology Past paper MCQS

14) When new acquisition improves retention of the old, we speak of:

a) Positive transfer

b) Negative transfer

c) Reproductive facilitation

d) Reproductive interference

e) None of these

15) Of the following one is not a measure of retention:

a) Recognition

b) Recall

c) Relearning

d) Reminiscence

e) None of these

16) Typically the curve obtained in discrimination learning in animals is:

a) Positively accelerated

b) Linearly accelerated

c) Negatively accelerated

d) S-shaped

e) None of these

17) Development of any skill depends intimately on:

a) Muscle facility

b) Feedback

c) Abstractions

d) Kinesthetic stimulation

e) None of these

18) The theory of personality in which “basic anxiety” is the primary concept was associated with the name:

a) Fromm

b) Sullivan

c) Horney

d) Murray

e) None of these

19) In the perception of people, feedback will serve to:

a) Correct an incorrect initial perception

b) Confirm an accurate initial perception

c) Stabilize and inaccurate initial perception

d) Nay of the above would be true

e) None of these

20) The essential feature of client-centered therapy is:

a) The giving of reassurance to the client

b) The facilitating the client to arrive at his own insight about his problem

c) Its directive character

d) It’s emphasis upon searching for deep unconscious aspects of the problem

e) None of these

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