RESEARCH PPSC HEADMASTER PREPARATION
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Q1= Research report is written in = Past tense ( Headmaster Exam15,1st time Question)
Q2= The research concern with present phenomena is = Descriptive research( Headmaster Exam15,1st time Question)
Q3= full flagged education institutions are established in universities to improve (research)
(Headmaster Exam15, 2nd time Question)
Q4= research start from (problem)
Q5= Research designation: the systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions
Q6= Types of Research: (1) Practical Research (2) Theoretical Research
(1)Practical Research: The practical approach be composed of the empirical study of the topic beneath research and mostly consists of hand on approach. This involve first hand research in the form of questionnaires, surveys, interviews, annotations and conversation groups
(2) Theoretical Research: A non empirical come within reach of to research, this usually involves examination of mostly published works like researching through archives of public libraries, court rooms and published intellectual journals.
Q7= Quantitative research
Quantitative research is usually associated with the positivist/post positivist paradigm. It usually involves collecting and converting data into mathematical form so that statistical calculations can be made and conclusions drawn.
Q8= Qualitative research
Qualitative research is the come close to usually associated with the social constructivist paradigm which emphasizes the socially constructed nature of actuality. It is about recording, analyzing and attempting to uncover the deeper meaning and significance of human behavior and experience, including paradoxical beliefs, behaviors and emotions. Researchers are interested in in advance a rich and complex understanding of people’s familiarity and not in obtaining information which can be comprehensive to other larger groups.
Q9= Correlation/Regression Analysis
This research method involves formative the strength of the affiliation between two or more variables (e.g. are violent video games correlated with violent behavior in children).
This research technique is useful for finding out the average collision of several different studies on a theory
Q11= Descriptive research is used to describe individuality of a population or observable fact being studied. It does not answer questions about how/when/why the characteristics occurred.
Q12= chronological research is the process of methodically investigative past events to give an account of what has happened in the history. It is not a mere people attending worship of facts and dates or even a narrative of past events.
Q13= Experimental Research
This is an experimentation where the researchers manipulates one variable, and control/randomizes the rest of the variables. It has a organize group, the subjects have been randomly assigned stuck between the groups, and the researcher only tests one result at a time.
Q14=Which is the most sensible about teaching and research?(They are two sides of same coin) Ross said
Q15=A good teacher is one who (publishes lots of research gapers)
Q16=In higher Education research and teaching are two different activities that(can go together)
Q17=A good teacher is a good investigator (my firm belief)
Q18=Generalisebility of a new teaching process can be tested through across (Different Teachers, Subjects, Levels and Grades)
Q19=Sample for the purpose of a research should be representative of Population.
Q20=Minimum sample size of experimental research is 30.
Q21=Maximum sample size of investigational research is 90.
Q22= Sampling is the process of selecting units (e.g., people, organizations) from a population of interest so that by studying the sample we may fairly generalize our results back to the population from which they were chosen. Let’s begin by covering some of the key terms in sampling like “population” and “sampling frame.”
A method of choose a unsystematic sample from among a larger population. The process of methodical sampling characteristically involves first selecting a fixed starting point in the larger population and then obtaining subsequent observations by using a constant interval between samples taken.
Q23= A simple random sample is meant to be an unbiased demonstration of a group.
Random Sample’ A subset of a statistical population in which each member of the subset has an equal probability of being chosen. It has a organize group, the subjects have been randomly assigned stuck between the groups, and the researcher only tests one result at a time.
Q24= Stratified sampling refers to a type of sampling method . With stratified sampling, the researcher divides the population into separate groups, called strata. Then, a probability sample (often a simple random sample ) is drawn from each group. Stratified sampling has several advantages over simple random sampling.
Q25= Cluster sampling is a sampling technique used when “natural” but relatively homogeneous groupings are evident in a statistical population. It is often used in marketing research.
Q26= Reliability is an characteristic of any computer-related section (software, or hardware, or a network, for example) that again and again performs according to its stipulation. It has long been painstaking one of three related attributes that must be considered when making, buying, or using a computer merchandise or component
Q27= Validity. In its purest sense, this refers to how well a scientific test or piece of research actually measures what it sets out to, or how well it reflects the reality it claims to represent